When it comes to child support, an IV-D case is a case in which a parent has assigned the government certain rights to child support because the parent receives public assistance or the parent has applied for child support services under title IV-D of the Social Security Act.
Child support services that are provided by IV-D agencies are frequently referred to as “IV-D services.” Cases in which the county takes place are called “IV-D cases.” These cases are divided into public cases and those cases where the obligor and obligee apply for support enforcement, which is nonpublic assistance.
What are IV-D Child Support Services?
- Assigned rights to support to the state because public assistance is being received
- Has applied for nonpublic assistance child support services under title IV-D
- Established parentage
- Established, modified, and enforced support
- Collecting or distributing support
What IV-D Cases Include
There are some cases in which the only service needed has to do with income withholding. Any time a case is just for income withholding is referred to as a non-IV-D case in Minnesota.
When child support is ordered, it is ordered by a district court judge, child support magistrate, or district court referee. Child support magistrates only reside over IV-D cases. When a child support case is heard by a child support magistrate, they are governed by a certain set of rules that are supposed to simplify and expedite the process. This is called “expedited process” or “expedited child support hearing process.”
Child Support Adjustments
In IV-D cases, proceedings to establish, modify, and enforce child support are requested. Cost of living adjustments or contesting cost of living adjustments are also possible with IV-D cases.
During the expedited process contempt and parentage proceedings may occur at the request of the county.
Minnesota IV-D Services
The services that are provided in Minnesota IV-D cases include locating parents, establishing court orders, establishing paternities, enforcing support orders, reviewing and modifying support orders, working with other states to enforce support orders, and collecting and processing child support payments.
There are limited services that are provided in IV-D cases in Minnesota. Those services include processing child support, spousal support, or both. These are usually referred to as non-IV-D services because these services are dealing with income withholding only.